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Conroe is a city in Texas, United States. It is the seat of Montgomery County and a principal city in the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. It is about 40 miles (64 km) north of Houston.

The city is named after Northern-born Union Cavalry officer and Houston lumberman Isaac Conroe. Conroe founded a sawmill there in 1881. The city originally gained in wealth due to the lumber and oil industries. Originally named “Conroe’s Switch”, the area saw an influx of residents in the late 19th century due to the lumber demands on the piney wood forest of the area.

During the 1930s, because of oil profits, the city boasted more millionaires per capita than any other U.S. city, though only briefly. After the construction of Interstate 45, many Houstonians began to settle communities around Conroe.

The Office of Management and Budget classifies Conroe as a principal city within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The city is about 40 miles (64 km) north of Houston.

Annexation

When Conroe incorporated in 1904, the city limits encompassed a 5.44 square mile area. From 1970 to 2000, the city limits expanded from 7.15 square miles to 42.35 square miles. Beginning in 2007, the city outlined a plan to continue expanding its city limits through annexation. According to Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code, home rule municipalities like Conroe may annex territory that is adjacent to the city’s current boundaries, with certain restrictions. The city’s 2007 plan was to double its size through a combination of voluntary and involuntary annexations. In voluntary annexations, the city enters into an agreement with the property owner to annex the territory once it has been developed. Involuntary annexations occur when the city places adjacent unincorporated territory into a three-year annexation plan without obtaining the property owners’ consent. As of 2018, the city has annexed territory every year since 2007, increasing the city limits from 52.8 to 72.0 square miles.

April Sound, a gated community along the shores of Lake Conroe, was annexed by the city on January 1, 2015. Prior to annexation, the community’s water and sewage services were provided by two separate Municipal Utility Districts. When annexation was first approved by the Conroe city council in December 2011, the districts opposed it. In response, the city negotiated an agreement in 2013 that would allow the districts to continue to provide services to April Sound residents. However, some April Sound residents did not support the annexation, including a group of residents who filed a lawsuit against the city in April 2015. The lawsuit was dismissed in March 2017. Involuntary annexations were a major issue in the 2016 mayoral election, the first after April Sound residents were incorporated into the city. Proponents of annexation contended that it was a useful tool to “promote and facilitate growth and progress,” while those in opposition were concerned about whether annexed territories receive a “fair shake” in the negotiations. Toby Powell, who campaigned against “forced annexations,” won the election. In 2017, the city council voted in favor of additional involuntary annexations over Powell’s objection.

Ecosystem

Conroe is in the southwest corner of the East Texas Piney Woods. The Piney Woods consist of pine trees and hardwood forests. The most common type of tree in the southwest Piney Woods is the loblolly pine. Shortleaf pine are also abundant. Pockets of blackland prairie vegetation are also present, but are disappearing due to urbanization.

In 1926, the Texas A&M Forest Service purchased 1700 acres of Piney Woods to establish W. Goodrich Jones State Forest. The forest serves as a research and demonstration area for sustainable forestry techniques. The forest also preserves the habitat of the red-cockaded woodpecker, a species classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN. In 2017, Texas A&M asked Conroe state senator Brandon Creighton to author a bill setting aside 10 percent of the forest for educational and research-related development. The bill also opened the possibility of commercial development on the land. Public concern over the bill persuaded Creighton to revise it. The final version, which passed the Senate unanimously, protected the entire forest from development.

Water resources

The West Fork of the San Jacinto River flows through the western edge of Conroe. The entire city is within the river’s watershed. The river flows southeast from Lake Conroe, a 19,640 surface acre lake dammed in 1973 as an alternative source of drinking water for Houston.

Conroe sits on several geologic layers of underground aquifers, which supply the city with fresh drinking water. Due to the rapid development of the land and increased population of Conroe and the surrounding area, the groundwater supply is being withdrawn faster than it can be replenished. As a result, the Lone Star Groundwater Conservation District, which oversees groundwater usage in Montgomery County, mandated that Conroe reduce its groundwater usage by 30 percent of 2009 amounts by January 1, 2016. As part of the groundwater usage reduction plan, the San Jacinto River Authority began in September 2015 to supplement Conroe’s groundwater supply with surface water pumped from Lake Conroe. The SJRA charges the city usage fees to cover the cost of pumping and treating the water. On August 27, 2015, the City of Conroe filed a lawsuit against the Lone Star Groundwater Conservation District, claiming that the LSGCD did not have the authority to limit the city’s groundwater usage. The city also refused to pay SJRA water usage fee increases in 2016, resulting in a separate lawsuit filed by the SJRA against the city. As of 2017, both lawsuits are still ongoing, resulting in legal fees charged to the city of over $836,313.

Parts of Conroe surrounding the West Fork of the San Jacinto River are in a floodplain. Significant flooding occurs along the floodplain when rainfall exceeds nine inches in a 48-hour period. The Conroe area has approximately a 10 percent chance of receiving this much rainfall in any given year. Urban development in Conroe and the surrounding area has also exacerbated the risk of flooding. Montgomery County experienced three consecutive years of 500-year floods in May 2015, April 2016, and August 2017. A 500-year flood has a 0.2 percent chance of occurring in a year. In addition, a fourth major flood occurred in May 2016, resulting in two major floods in two months. The flooding in August 2017 during Hurricane Harvey dropped nearly 32 inches of rain on the city. To protect the integrity of the dam, San Jacinto River Authority officials released 79,100 cubic feet per second of water from Lake Conroe downstream into the West Fork of the San Jacinto River, exacerbating the flooding already taking place along the floodplain. Conroe city officials ordered a mandatory evacuation of McDade Estates, a neighborhood on the banks of the river. As a response to the flooding, Montgomery County commissioners in October 2017 requested $1.25 million from the federal government for a flood mitigation study, along with an additional $95.5 million to implement various flood mitigation projects.

Downtown Conroe’s Central Business District hosts multiple arts venues. The oldest is the Crighton Theatre, which opened on November 26, 1935. The theatre is named after Harry M. Crighton, Conroe’s mayor from 1932 to 1933. The theatre functioned as the community’s movie theatre until 1967, at which point it fell into disrepair. In 1979 it was renovated, and it now hosts live theatrical productions. Another theatre, the Owen Theatre, is also located in the district. The Central Business District has outdoor performance venues at Conroe Founder’s Plaza and Heritage Place, which host multiple festivals throughout the year. The Conroe Cajun Catfish Festival, an annual event first held in 1990, features live music performances, arts and crafts vendors, and a carnival in addition to catfish and other Cajun food. In 2017, the festival prepared for a three-day attendance of 25,000-30,000 people.

The city supports several arts organizations, including the Greater Conroe Arts Alliance. The Alliance is a network of multiple arts groups in the city such as the Conroe Symphony, the Conroe Art League, and the Montgomery County Choral Society. The Alliance also sponsors, along with the state of Texas, the Young Texas Artists Music Competition. The competition, founded in 1983, showcases young musicians who aspire to careers in classical music. In 2009, the city sponsored the Art Bench Project, which converted 13 stone benches scattered throughout the central business district into works of art. Each bench portrays a different part of Conroe’s history and culture, from historical figures like George Strake and Charles B. Stewart to contemporary art groups such as the Crighton Players.

The city contains multiple parks that pay tribute to the area’s history. The Heritage Museum of Montgomery County, in Candy Cane Park, maintains artifacts of Montgomery County’s early settlers. The Lone Star Monument and Historical Flag Park, next to the Montgomery County central library, pay tribute to the flags that flew over Texas. The flags are positioned in a circle around the park, with a statue of a Texian in the center. Each flag comes with a plaque that describes its connection to Texas history. At the park’s entrance is a statue of Charles B. Stewart, who is claimed to have designed the lone star flag.

Montgomery County War Memorial Park, in downtown Conroe next to the Montgomery County tax office, is a memorial to the 166 soldiers from Montgomery County who have been killed in active duty. The park’s dedication ceremony was in 1976 and featured a speech by then president Gerald Ford. In 2017, the Montgomery County Commissioners Court and the City of Conroe agreed to relocate the memorial next to the Lone Star Monument and Flag Park. The park will also be expanded to include the names of up to 50,000 soldiers who have lived in Montgomery County. Construction on the new memorial was projected to begin in early 2018.

Lake Conroe, northwest of downtown Conroe, is the source of several water-based activities such as boating and fishing. The most common fish in the lake are Largemouth bass, bluegill, channel catfish, white bass, and hybrid striped bass. Crappie may also be found in the early spring and fall.

Colleges and universities

The city is served by the Lone Star College System primarily by the Lone Star College-Montgomery Campus and LSC University Center. Other campuses in the county include the EMCID Center in New Caney, and the Conroe Center. The territory in Conroe ISD joined the community college district in 1991, and the territory in Willis ISD joined the district in 1996.

The first phase of the Conroe campus of St. Thomas University is to open in fall 2020, with the Old Conroe Police building as a temporary site for up to three years. The permanent campus is proposed to be at Deison Technology Park. Class of 1952 alumnus Vincent D’Amico offered the university 50 acres (20 ha) of land in east Montgomery County for the project.

Public school districts

Almost all areas of Conroe are within the Conroe Independent School District though a small northern section of Conroe is within the Willis Independent School District.

Conroe Independent School District

All of the schools listed here are in the city of Conroe. All of the Conroe ISD section of Conroe is zoned to Conroe High School.

The three junior high schools that serve the CISD portion are:

  • John V. Peet Junior High School
  • Washington Junior High School
  • Albert B. Moorhead Junior High School

Some intermediate schools that serve the CISD portion are:

  • Cryar Intermediate School
  • Travis Intermediate School
  • Bozman Intermediate School

Some elementary schools that serve the CISD portion are:

  • Anderson Elementary School
  • Neil Armstrong Elementary School
  • Giesinger Elementary School
  • Sam Houston Elementary School
  • O. A. Reaves Elementary School
  • B. B. Rice Elementary School
  • J. W. Runyan Elementary School
  • Wilkinson Elementary School
Willis Independent School District

The Willis ISD section is zoned to Turner Elementary School, Brabham Middle School, and Willis High School.

Private schools

  • Sacred Heart Catholic School
  • Covenant Christian School
  • Lifestyle Christian School
  • Montgomery Christian Academy

The closest Catholic high school is Frassati Catholic High School in north Harris County; Conroe is in the school’s intended catchment area.

Public libraries

The county operates the main branch of the Montgomery County Memorial Library System.

The Courier is a daily newspaper published in Conroe, Texas, covering Montgomery County. In 2016, the newspaper was purchased by Hearst Communications, a media conglomerate which also owns and operates the Houston Chronicle.

In 2012 the U.S. Census Bureau designated the area around Conroe and The Woodlands as a “large urbanized transit area,” an area defined as having over 200,000 residents, making it eligible to receive federal transportation funds.

  • Interstate 45 directly connects the city with Houston to its south (40 miles) and with Dallas to its northwest (200 miles).
  • Texas Highway 105 connects the city of Cleveland to the east and town of Montgomery to the west.
  • Texas Loop 336 circles the city of Conroe.
  • Conroe-North Houston Regional Airport provides general aviation services to Conroe.
  • Greyhound Bus Lines operate a small station.
  • Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (291 Conroe Park & Ride) provide service to Downtown Houston.
  • The City of Conroe launched a local bus service, Conroe Connection, in 2015. It runs Monday through Friday, from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm
  • Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway BNSF Railway operates the busy Conroe subdivision, which is an east-west railroad main line that runs from
  • Silsbee in Hardin County to Navasota in Grimes County where it intersects a main line running between Fort Worth and Galveston.

Union Pacific Railroad Corporation operates another busy main line that runs north from Houston in Harris County to Palestine in Anderson County, known as the Palestine subdivision. The two railroads intersect at a diamond in downtown Conroe between Main and First Streets.

Content Courtesy of Wikipedia.org

Living in Conroe

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Dining

Citizens Grill 4.0 star rating 115 reviews
315 Enclave Dr
Ste 300
Conroe, TX 77384

(936) 320-0022

Marsala’s Italian Grill 4.5 star rating 3 reviews
100 Scarborough Dr
Ste A3-A4
Conroe, TX 77304

The Red Brick Tavern 4.0 star rating 389 reviews
119 Simonton St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 539-2000

Pacific Yard House 4.0 star rating 143 reviews
101 Metcalf St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 703-5447

Woodson's Local Tap + Kitchen 4.0 star rating 281 reviews
2330 Fm Rd 1488
Conroe, TX 77384

(936) 271-9503

Wasabi Bistro 4.5 star rating 115 reviews
449 S Loop 336 W
Ste 1500
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 756-2225

Dosirak Korean Cafe 4.5 star rating 252 reviews
2105 W Davis St
Ste I
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 494-2765

Tony's Italian Delicatessen 5.0 star rating 598 reviews
16283 Hwy 105 W
Ste 9
Montgomery, TX 77356

(936) 588-4800

Nightlife

The Naked Turtle Tavern 4.0 star rating 7 reviews
19380 Hwy 105 W
Ste 522
Montgomery, TX 77356

(936) 582-4811

Johnny B Dalton's 3.0 star rating 9 reviews
2017 N Frazier St
Ste D3
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 441-0515

Boogie's 5.0 star rating 1 reviews
17099 Walden Rd
Ste 140
Montgomery, TX 77356

(936) 582-5050

Backwoods Saloon 4.0 star rating 19 reviews
230 Lexington Ct 45 N Exit 1488
Conroe, TX 77385

(936) 273-0203

Salty's 5.0 star rating 1 reviews
11187 Fm 1484 Rd
Conroe, TX 77303

(936) 264-1665

Pacific Yard House 4.0 star rating 143 reviews
101 Metcalf St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 703-5447

Kat Daddy's Bar 3.5 star rating 15 reviews
463 Fm 1488
Conroe, TX 77385

(936) 273-9342

Whiskey Cake 4.0 star rating 40 reviews
27800 N Fwy Service Rd
Oak Ridge North, TX 77385

(346) 209-5577

Shopping

Main Street Merchants 5.0 star rating 1 reviews
208 A North Main St
Conroe, TX 77301

(918) 261-9769

Market Street 4.5 star rating 63 reviews
9595 Six Pines Dr
The Woodlands, TX 77380

(281) 419-4774

Outlets at Conroe 1.5 star rating 10 reviews
1111 League Line Rd
Conroe, TX 77303

(936) 756-0904

The Woodlands Mall 3.5 star rating 140 reviews
1201 Lake Woodlands Dr
Ste 700
The Woodlands, TX 77380

(281) 363-3409

Conroe Woodlands Antique Mall 5.0 star rating 4 reviews
3700 S Loop 336 E
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 494-3934

Sweet Texas Treasures Boutique 5.0 star rating 1 reviews
15949 Hwy 105 W
Ste 60
Montgomery, TX 77356

(936) 703-5332

Mister Roberts Rustic Rarehouse 5.0 star rating 8 reviews
13782 Hwy 105 W
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 588-2771

Mimi’s on main 5.0 star rating 2 reviews
312 North Main St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 441-0002

Coffee Shops

BeanPunk Coffee at Montgomery 4.5 star rating 7 reviews
330 N Main St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 701-1164

FLOUR-ISH 4.5 star rating 101 reviews
406 N Thompson St
Ste 101
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 521-1007

Sugar Britches Cafe 4.5 star rating 16 reviews
2400 Fm 1488
Ste 100
Conroe, TX 77384

(832) 823-6464

Roasted 3.0 star rating 2 reviews
2300 Woodforest Pkwy N
Ste 600
Montgomery, TX 77316

(936) 588-5926

Blue Door Coffee Company 4.5 star rating 90 reviews
21 Waterway Ave
The Woodlands, TX 77380

(832) 299-6511

Lovebeans Coffeehouse 4.5 star rating 31 reviews
8522 Creekside Forest Dr
Ste D-100
The Woodlands, TX 77375

(832) 698-2017

Pie in the Sky Pie Co. 4.0 star rating 230 reviews
3600 N Loop 336 W
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 760-3301

Noe's Crepe coffee & Tea 4.0 star rating 74 reviews
295 Enclave Dr
Ste 200
Conroe, TX 77384

(832) 429-2929

Gyms

Silverback Gym 5.0 star rating 1 reviews
Conroe, TX 77303

(936) 282-5438

Orangetheory Fitness Conroe 5.0 star rating 6 reviews
2105 W Davis
Ste B
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 270-8757

Planet Fitness 2.5 star rating 31 reviews
1906 N Frazier St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 760-1700

Anytime Fitness 4.5 star rating 6 reviews
850 S Loop 336
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 900-7079

FITNESS PROJECT: Conroe 2.0 star rating 42 reviews
1306 W Davis St
Ste B
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 756-6000

Anytime Fitness 3.5 star rating 6 reviews
2206 I-45 N
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 828-3935

P.A. Fitness 5.0 star rating 3 reviews
1214 S Frazier St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 523-2002

Plus Forty Fitness & Wellness Studio 5.0 star rating 3 reviews
3500 W Davis St
Ste 105A
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 827-2258

Salons

Salon Kendall 4.0 star rating 38 reviews
320 Longmire Rd
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 539-1186

Beehives & Bowties Salon 5.0 star rating 7 reviews
926 W Dallas St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 756-1950

Salon Mathis 4.0 star rating 41 reviews
11133 Interstate 45 N
Ste 210
Conroe, TX 77302

(936) 231-8178

The Beauty Lounge 4.5 star rating 87 reviews
2501 Research Forest Dr
Ste D
The Woodlands, TX 77381

(281) 203-5034

Papillon Salon & Day Spa 4.0 star rating 10 reviews
224B S Loop 336 W
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 756-0680

Salons At The Lake 4.5 star rating 8 reviews
12621 Hwy 105 W
Ste 101
Conroe, TX 77304

(936) 588-6730

The Hair & Brow Bar 4.5 star rating 9 reviews
1702 N Frazier St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 703-5128

Switch Hair Studio 4.5 star rating 13 reviews
204 N Main St
Conroe, TX 77301

(936) 760-2488

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